Sikkim / Forest

State Brief Introduction


Sikkim is a part of the Eastern Himalayan global biodiversity hot spot with 47.34 % (3359 sq. km) forest cover, and 34% of its geographical area under the protected area network.

The large forest cover of Sikkim also makes it vulnerable to threats from climate change including erratic rainfall, rising temperatures, increased forest fire incidences, and threats to many floral and faunal species and their habitats. There have also been upward movement of species from southern warmer belts to northern cold temperate regions due to changing temperatures. Thus, risks are being compounded for the forest ecosystem as well as vulnerable communities who are dependent on the forests.

UNDP’s interventions in the forest sector aim to implement recommendations from Sikkim State Action Plan on Climate Change (SAPCC) that enhance adaptive capacity of both communities and divisional level officers. These interventions include adopting climate-resilient livelihoods options, research on various impacts of climate change on forest species, forest fires, tree line dynamics, wildlife corridors, and conducting capacity building for stronger participatory and multi-stakeholder approach to mainstreaming climate change in forest conservation. 

UNDP is partnering with the Forest, Environment and Wildlife Management Department (FEWMD) and other relevant line departments to implement these interventions and make the forest sector more climate-resilient.