Sikkim / Water Resources

State Brief Introduction

The land-locked Himalayan state of Sikkim depends heavily on rivers, glaciers and springs for its water demands. The mountain springs are the natural discharge of groundwater from various aquifers and 80% of the rural households depend on spring water for their water security. The adverse impact of climate change on precipitation threatens the delicate, holistic balance of the Himalayan mountain water cycle. Sikkim has witnessed a change in rainfall patterns, including increased intensity of rainfall, change in monsoon patterns, reduction in temporal spread, and a significant fall in winter rainfall.

UNDP’s interventions aim at making the water sector more climate-resilient and enhancing the adaptive capacities of households dependent on these climate-vulnerable water sources. Implementing the recommendations from the Sikkim State Action Plan on Climate Change (SAPCC), pilot interventions focus on supplying potable drinking water from rainwater harvesting and storage, inventorisation of water resources, and springshed development and management. These interventions are centred around the climate-vulnerable and drought-prone districts of South and West Sikkim.  

UNDP is partnering with the Sikkim Rural Management and Development Department (RMDD) and other relevant line departments to implement these interventions and make the water sector more climate-resilient.