Madhya Pradesh / Water Resources

State Brief Introduction

Groundwater usage in Madhya Pradesh has dramatically increased over the last couple of decades and it is now a major source of water for agriculture and ensuring drinking water security. It is used by millions of farmers across the state and over the last four decades, substantial contribution to the net irrigated areas has come from groundwater. Further, it remains the only drinking water source for most of the rural households in the state. Its over-exploitation has been causing shortages of water for irrigation and drinking. This might trigger conflicts on access to and use of groundwater in the future. During the initial phase of the Project, the Madhya Pradesh Water Resource Department (MPWRD) and other relevant stakeholders have prioritized “Water conservation, augmentation and preservation with special focus on areas with over-exploited conditions of ground water” as the high impact climate adaption intervention out of a list of strategies as described   in the Madhya Pradesh State Action Plan on Climate Change (SAPCC). Thus, a pilot project on Participatory Groundwater Management (PGWM) was conceived and incorporated as part of the project implementation plan. The pilot program envisions to build climate resilience through scientific water resource management, adoption of sustainable agricultural practices, livelihood diversification and empowerment of poor & marginal farmers of the semi-arid regions of Madhya Pradesh.